Beeswax is the secretion of bees. Bees naturally produce beeswax which they use to build the hexagonal storage chambers for the honey. When bee-keepers remove the honey for processing, the residual wax is melted down and used in the candle making industry amongst other things.
Beeswax is a sweetly fragranced wax, that varies in both fragrance and colour, depending on the botanical the bees have been feeding on. It's a much sought-after wax, and highly favoured by candle makers because of it's natural fragrance and because it is not only a replenishable source, but also mainly unrefined.
Beeswax is available unfiltered, giving it a rich amber colour; filtered to remove the natural debris, giving it a light golden colour; or both filtered and bleached, leaving the wax white.
Beeswax has very little shrinkage, produces very little smoke and has a slow burn-rate. It is often added to other waxes to help increase the burn-time. Pure beeswax is quite sticky when heated, and doesn't release readily from a mould, but is often used in sheets, rolled tightly around a wick, and used a candle in it's own right.
Beeswax has a melt point of about 62-64 C (approx 144-147 F)